" A wealth of information..."

"1169 And Counting is a wealth of information on our Republican past and present , and demonstrates how the Irish political landscape , like that of any nation, will never be a black and white issue..."

(From the ‘e-Thursday’ section of the ‘Business Week’ supplement of the ‘Irish Independent’ , 21st August 2008.)



IRISH BLOG AWARDS 2017 - ooops! It seems that our entry application was "not completed in time to be considered.." (?) and, as such, we are not now in the running. But we wish all the best to the successful entrants and to the organisers, and we hope all goes well for them on the day!


Friday, August 13, 2004

Working within British 'law' with a vow NOT to use force against the British....... :

DANIEL O'CONNELL -1843 ;

THE PROVISIONALS -1994 TO DATE .


.......with only 24 hours notice , the British had banned the 'Monster Meeting' planned for Sunday 8th October 1843 , in Clontarf , Dublin . Daniel O'Connell backed down , and issued the following poster in reply to the British banning .......

NOTICE

WHEREAS there has appeared , under the Signatures of " E.B. SUGDEN , C. DONOUGHMORE , ELIOT F BLACKBURN , E. BLAKENEY , FRED SHAW , T.B.C. SMITH , " a paper being , or purporting to be , a PROCLAMATION , drawn up in very loose and inaccurate terms , and manifestly misrepresenting known facts ; the objects of which appear to be , to prevent the PUBLIC MEETING , intended to be held TO-MORROW , the 8th instant , at CLONTARF , TO PETITION PARLIAMENT for the REPEAL of the baleful and destructive measure of the LEGISLATIVE UNION .

AND WHEREAS , such Proclamation has not appeared until LATE IN THE AFTERNOON OF THIS SATURDAY , THE 7th , so that it is utterly impossible that the knowledge of its existence could be communicated in the usual Official Channels , or by the Post , in time to have its contents known to the Persons intending to meet at CLONTARF , for the purpose of Petitioning , as aforesaid , whereby ill-disposed Persons may have an opportunity , under cover of said Proclamation , to provoke Breaches of the Peace , or to commit Violence on Persons intending to proceed peaceably and legally to the said Meeting .

WE , therefore , the COMMITTEE of the LOYAL NATIONAL REPEAL ASSOCIATION , do most earnestly request and entreat , that all well-disposed persons will , IMMEDIATELY on receiving this intimation , repair to their own dwellings , and not place themselves in peril of any collision , or of receiving any ill-treatment whatsoever . And we do further inform all such persons , that without yielding in any thing to the unfounded allegations in said alleged Proclamation , we deem it prudent and wise , and above all things humane , to declare that said
MEETING IS ABANDONED, AND IS NOT TO BE HELD.

SIGNED BY ORDER ,

DANIEL O'CONNELL,
CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE .

T. M. RAY , Secretary .

SATURDAY , 7 th OCTOBER , 1843 .
3 O 'CLOCK P.M.

RESOLVED - That the above Cautionary Notice be immediately transmitted by Express to the Very Reverend and Reverend Gentlemen who signed the Requisition for the CLONTARF MEETING , and to all adjacent Districts , SO AS TO PREVENT the influx of Persons coming to the intended Meeting .

GOD SAVE THE QUEEN .

Browne,Printer, 36 Nassau Street.

(MORE LATER).


WHERE MOUNTAINY MEN HAVE SOWN :

war and peace in rebel Cork ,
in the turbulent years 1916-21.

By Micheal O'Suilleabhain : published 1965.

BURNINGS.......

".......two of our men , Con Sean Jer and Paddy Riordan , were nearly shot dead by the British as they were in the process of burning the RIC Barracks in Ballyvourney ......."

" We burned no house occupied by a civilian , loyalist or otherwise . The enemy burned nothing but private houses and property ; in other areas , it is true that the IRA reacted to this destruction by burning loyalist houses in an effort to halt it . The enemy's burnings were invariably carried out as a reprisal for an attack upon them . They were both senseless and cruel - the victims were generally the occupants of the houses nearest to the scene of the action . Whether or not they were sympathetic to the IRA did not matter .

They were ordered out of their homes and the torch applied - by this means the British hoped to terrorise the people and demoralise them to such an extent that they would inform on the IRA . It had the opposite effect . The people would not think of betraying the IRA though the enemy did his best to provide them with easy means of doing so ...

...the following is a copy of one of the leaflets posted up in public places by the British....... "

(MORE LATER).


THE CIA : REAGAN'S SECRET ARMY .......

Since 1947 , the CIA has been a powerful force in covertly executing American internal and foreign policy . A major book detailing the workings , methods and sometimes incompetence of the secret service - 'The Agency ; The Rise and Decline of The CIA ' , by John Ranelagh , has recently been published .

Gene Kerrigan examines the books findings and assesses the importance of 'The Agency' and the role it has played over the last 39 years .


First published in 'The Sunday Tribune' newspaper , Dublin , 24th August 1986 , page 11.

Re-produced here in 21 parts .

(12 of 21).

In 1964 , the CIA spent $4 million dollars securing the election of the Christian Democrats in Chile and heading off the challenge of the socialist Salvador Allende ; in 1970 , Allende looked like winning . " I don't see why , " said Henry Kissinger , " we need to stand by and watch a country go communist due to the irresponsibility of its own people . "

The CIA went into action ; the American companies ITT and Anaconda Copper offered the CIA $1,500,000 between them to stop Salvador Allende - the CIA told them to use the money in their own campaigns , as they had enough money . It all failed ...

...on 4th September 1970 , Allende got the biggest popular vote ; his election was due for confirmation on 24th October 1970 by the Chilean Congress . The CIA set up a task force and spent $250,000 trying to influence the Chilean Congress . But it did'nt work .......

(MORE LATER).






Thursday, August 12, 2004

Working within British 'law' with a vow NOT to use force against the British....... :

DANIEL O'CONNELL -1843 ;

THE PROVISIONALS -1994 TO DATE .


.......the British 'authorities' were worried about the level of support for the 'Monster Meetings' ; on Saturday , 7th October 1843 , they banned one such meeting which was due to take place the following day in Clontarf , Dublin .......

Daniel O'Connell protested at the banning , as did his colleagues in the leadership of the 'Loyal National Repeal Association' - they were later to be arrested by the Brits and sentenced to a year in prison for 'conspiracy' , but this judgement was then reversed in the British House of Lords .

When , on that Saturday , the 7th of October 1843 , O'Connell noticed that posters were being put-up in Dublin by the British 'authorities' stating that the following days meeting had been banned , he backed down ; in this scribblers opinion he should have 'stuck to his guns' and ignored the British 'writ' - he should have went ahead with the Clontarf 'Monster Meeting' therby 'putting it up' to the Brits .

But... "moral force only" won the day ; O'Connell issued his own poster that same day (ie Saturday 7th October 1843) as well as spreading the word through the 'grapevine' that the meeting was cancelled . That poster makes for interesting reading .......

(MORE LATER).


WHERE MOUNTAINY MEN HAVE SOWN :

war and peace in rebel Cork ,
in the turbulent years 1916-21.

By Micheal O'Suilleabhain : published 1965.

BURNINGS.......

".......when both the RIC and the British Army had left Ballyvourney , we made a move on the RIC Barracks to burn it ; we were too relaxed for our own good ......."

" At noon on 1st November , two local IRA Volunteers - Con Sean Jer ('Kelleher') and Paddy Riordan were engaged in sprinkling the interior with petrol ; the rush of many feet and a fierce hammering on the front door was the first intimation they had that the enemy was upon them . The back door was open and both IRA men ran through it to the yard at the rear . Con held an unlighted torch in one hand ...

...the time was short but he paused , struck a match , lit the torch and , turning , flung it through the open door - the building burst into flame , and Con and Paddy threw themselves flat on the ground in the nick of time to allow a volley of bullets pass over them . British Auxiliaries from Macroom had dashed , in their lorries , to the gate and had run the short distance to the house . Con and Paddy made another rush , running at a slant towards the cover of the Cascade Wood ; a heavy fire clipped the undergrowth around them .

A lorry had run up the road behind the wood with the object of cutting off their retreat . The Auxies dismounted and ran towards the Cascade Bridge , but both IRA men had just crossed it and , unseen, had gained the high ground at Ceapach . Too close for comfort . "

(MORE LATER).


THE CIA : REAGAN'S SECRET ARMY .......

Since 1947 , the CIA has been a powerful force in covertly executing American internal and foreign policy . A major book detailing the workings , methods and sometimes incompetence of the secret service - 'The Agency ; The Rise and Decline of The CIA ' , by John Ranelagh , has recently been published .

Gene Kerrigan examines the books findings and assesses the importance of 'The Agency' and the role it has played over the last 39 years .


First published in 'The Sunday Tribune' newspaper , Dublin , 24th August 1986 , page 11.

Re-produced here in 21 parts .

(11 of 21).

The CIA decided to make a pornographic movie featuring a Sukarno double romping with a supposed Soviet blonde spy ; this would be used to discredit him . They made the movie with the help of Los Angeles porn merchants and titled it 'Happy Days' . Meanwhile , anti-Sukarno guerrillas were being organised and CIA pilots were flying bombing raids in support .

One pilot , Alan Pope , was shot down and captured after he mistakenly (?) bombed a church , killing most of the worshippers . Eventually , Sukarno agreed to accept American money and stay away from the Soviets - the CIA left him alone . Whatever works .......

(MORE LATER).






Wednesday, August 11, 2004

Working within British 'law' with a vow NOT to use force against the British....... :

DANIEL O'CONNELL -1843 ;

THE PROVISIONALS -1994 TO DATE .


....... Daniel O'Connell's speech on the 15th August 1843 on the Hill of Tara in County Meath was heard by approximately one million people . The British 'authorities' were listening , too , but they did'nt like it .......

The 'Monster Meetings' were a great success - despite all the "misfortunes" (as the Brits would have it) that the Irish people were suffering in their daily lives ; the desire , the demand , for a British withdrawal had not gone away . And , as stated here a few paragraphs back , after the Tara 'Monster Meeting' (15th August 1843) the Brits decided it just was'nt cricket : enough was enough .

A 'Monster Meeting' planned for Clontarf , in Dublin , which was to take place on Sunday , 8th October , 1843 , was banned by the Brits on Saturday , 7th October 1843 - the day before the event was due to take place ; Daniel O'Connell and others in the leadership of 'The Loyal National Repeal Association' quickly lodged a complaint.......

(MORE LATER).


WHERE MOUNTAINY MEN HAVE SOWN :

war and peace in rebel Cork ,
in the turbulent years 1916-21.

By Micheal O'Suilleabhain : published 1965.

BURNINGS.......

".......the lands on which once stood 'the Great House' in Ballyvourney now hold no fear ; it is a place for a snooze on a nice day , under a chestnut tree , where you can dream of the 'landlord' looking for his 'rent' , and the RIC grabbing you , and the 'judge' scolding you ......."

" ...then you wake up - the cold weather has saved you ; with more or less hasty steps you brush the dew away across the lawn and , walking straight through the Great House , walk away .

The enemy won the next move in the game ; immediately the Great House was destroyed , he occupied a fair-sized building a half-mile from the RIC Barracks . During the remainder of the summer and early autumn , this half-company of the British regular Army was very active ; the RIC and Black and Tans did little . Both garrisons found it difficult to maintain their communications and supplies with Macroom , ten miles away .

We blocked and trenched the roads and , on a few occasions , roughly handled these elements of the enemy . Realising that the occupation of Ballyvourney during the winter months would pay very poor dividends , both garrisons were withdrawn at the end of the autumn . We did not burn the house which had sheltered the British military , but we burned the RIC Barracks .

Since both garrisons had departed , little precautions had been taken to guard against surprise while burning the RIC Barracks ; this was a mistake on our part ......."

(MORE LATER).


THE CIA : REAGAN'S SECRET ARMY .......

Since 1947 , the CIA has been a powerful force in covertly executing American internal and foreign policy . A major book detailing the workings , methods and sometimes incompetence of the secret service - 'The Agency ; The Rise and Decline of The CIA ' , by John Ranelagh , has recently been published .

Gene Kerrigan examines the books findings and assesses the importance of 'The Agency' and the role it has played over the last 39 years .


First published in 'The Sunday Tribune' newspaper , Dublin , 24th August 1986 , page 11.

Re-produced here in 21 parts .

(10 of 21).

In 1954 , the CIA revived its earlier plan (of 1952) to stage a coup against the Arbenz government in Guatemala - it spent $20 million dollars organising a guerilla army and air force . They selected Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas as the new leader and in June 1954 he overthrew Arbenz .

Sometimes other methods were tried : in 1957 , President Sukarno of Indonesia became a CIA target - he was considered too soft on communism . Frank Wisner , Deputy Director of CIA Operations , said - "I think its time we held Sukarno's feet to the fire ." Sukarno was sex mad ; when he visited Egypt in 1958 , he rang President Nasser from his hotel (this is known because the CIA had the phone tapped) and invited Nasser over ...

... " I have three gorgeous Pan American stewardesses here with me and they'd like to have a party ..." There was a pause , then Nasser curtly declined and slammed down the telephone .......

(MORE LATER).






Tuesday, August 10, 2004

Working within British 'law' with a vow NOT to use force against the British....... :

DANIEL O'CONNELL -1843 ;

THE PROVISIONALS -1994 TO DATE .


....... the 'Monster Meeting' held on 15th August 1843 (161 years ago , almost to the date) on the Hill of Tara was the biggest since they began ; approximately one million people attended .......

.... On that day in Irish history , Daniel O'Connell addressed a sea of people -

- " We are at Tara of the Kings - the spot from which emanated the social power , the legal authority , the right to dominion over the furthest extremes of the land .... the strength and majority of the National Movement was never exhibited so imposingly as at this great meeting . The numbers exceed any that ever before congregated in Ireland in peace or war . It is a sight not grand alone but appalling - not exciting merely pride , but fear . Step by step , we are approaching the great goal of Repeal of the Union , but it is at length with the strides of a giant . "

Again , it must be stressed that Daniel O'Connell would use only "moral force" to achieve what he termed "...Repeal of the Union " and, even then , favoured the island of Ireland remaining as a unit governed by the British 'Monarchy' - a 'new' coat of varnish on rotten timber . O'Connell could 'talk the talk...' but .......

However - the 'Monster Meetings' were a great success ; even if the Brits did'nt think so .......

(MORE LATER).


WHERE MOUNTAINY MEN HAVE SOWN :

war and peace in rebel Cork ,
in the turbulent years 1916-21.

By Micheal O'Suilleabhain : published 1965.

BURNINGS.......

"....... 2nd June 1920 - the proposed new enemy barracks in Inchigeela , the 'Glebe House' , was burned down by us ; on 5th June that year , we burned down Ballingeary Barracks . Our next target , on 9th June 1920 , was the 'Great House' in Ballyvourney ......."

" Once again , the Brits were forestalled in Ballyvourney ; the 'Great House' , fully furnished , had stood unoccupied for some time . It had ceased to function as of yore , and had lately passed into the hands of a man of the people ; it was regrettable, therefore , to have to burn it , since it was now his property . But it was absolutely necessary to do so . In a war one does not present the enemy with fully furnished barracks where he wants them .

So on the night of 9th June 1920 , the 'Great House' ceased to exist ; its very walls have disappeared and the 'Lawn Gate' gives access now to the Lawn . Here you may enter at your pleasure and sit and dream in the shade of the big chestnut tree . If a ghostly servitor , in knee breeches and claw-hammer coat , approaches and asks you if you have brought the rent , you'll know you have been dozing ! If the vision persists , tell him that despite the streamlined tails of his coat , he is out of date ; he will then sadly depart and you may watch his progress around the drive to the gravelled walk . Here he turns right and , walking up into the air , disappears - he has just climbed the ghostly steps of the 'Great House' to acquaint his lord and master that a mere Irishman without the 'rent' in his pocket exists under the chestnut tree ...

If you do not wake up a swarm of minions may surround you and bear you to the dungeon under the courthouse , a be-wigged judge on the bench , and an RIC man or two on either side of you . You will note the 'needle-point' moustaches of the latter as sentence is passed and you wake up with a start ......."

(MORE LATER).


THE CIA : REAGAN'S SECRET ARMY .......

Since 1947 , the CIA has been a powerful force in covertly executing American internal and foreign policy . A major book detailing the workings , methods and sometimes incompetence of the secret service - 'The Agency ; The Rise and Decline of The CIA ' , by John Ranelagh , has recently been published .

Gene Kerrigan examines the books findings and assesses the importance of 'The Agency' and the role it has played over the last 39 years .


First published in 'The Sunday Tribune' newspaper , Dublin , 24th August 1986 , page 11.

Re-produced here in 21 parts .

(9 of 21).

In 1951 , the CIA launched 'Operation Ajex' to remove Muhammad Mossadeq , the leader of Iran . They choose General Fazlollah Zahedi to be the new leader of Iran , pending the return of the Shah , and organised a coup against Mossadeq . General Zahedi had been interned by the British during the war because of his pro-Nazi sympathies . After the coup , the British - who up to 1951 controlled all of Iran's oil - were reduced to a 40 per cent share . Now the Americans also had a 40 per cent share ....

In 1952 , the CIA had prepared a coup against the Arbenz government in Guatemala ; the coup was aborted . In 1953 Arbenz nationalised the United Fruit Company (who had been involved in transporting arms for the abortive coup).......

(MORE LATER).






Monday, August 09, 2004

.......and we're back ! Our 'Junior' had his weekend break (and 'love-in' with the new moth !) and is now back , all 'starry-eyed' , behind his desk here in '1169 Central.......'

Working within British 'law' with a vow NOT to use force against the British....... :

DANIEL O'CONNELL -1843 ;

THE PROVISIONALS -1994 TO DATE .


.......on 15th August 1843 , another one of the 'Repeal' Movements' 'Monster Meetings' was held - this time on the Hill of Tara , in County Meath ; the Brits , already worried at the level of support for these meetings , made their move .......

The 'Young Irelanders' newspaper , 'The Nation' , put the figure for those in attendance at the Hill of Tara 'Monster Meeting' at three-quarters of a million people "without fear of exaggeration" ; Daniel O'Connell himself claimed it was at least one-and-a-half million people , while another newspaper of the day ('The Times' ?) reported -

- " The whole district was covered with men . The population within a days march began to arrive on foot shortly after daybreak and continued to arrive , on all sides and by every available approach , 'till noon . It was impossible from any one point to see the entire meeting . The number is supposed to have reached between 500,000 and 700,000 persons . "

Other reports stated that O'Connell's marshals were on horseback , that the crowds arrived on foot and in carriages , banners were present , as were bands and groups in " historic fancy dress " . Indeed , archaeologists have found human bones on the site , some of which are said to be 4000 years old , and traces of wooden platforms , bits of clay pipes and , of course (!) , whiskey bottles , dating back to the mid - 19th Century .......


WHERE MOUNTAINY MEN HAVE SOWN :

war and peace in rebel Cork ,
in the turbulent years 1916-21.

By Micheal O'Suilleabhain : published 1965.

BURNINGS.......

".......just as the lock was about to give , the British Troops stopped . They went down the stone stairs and , minutes later , were marching back to Macroom . What damage had they caused to my near-by house , where my mother was .......?"

" We approached the house with some caution ; my mother knelt at an upstairs window - she had heard the rude knocking at the door , had seen some of the raiders search the house while others passed on uphill to the farmyard . She had listened for the shots which seemed inevitable , but meanwhile she had prayed to God who orders all things . That eternity of suspence was now over , the night past , the sun risen , the enemy departed - and we stood before her . We did not speak for we knew that she still prayed , but we raised our hands in salute ; her smile was our reward .

Although it grieved us to do so , we did not spare the property of our own people when it became a military necessity to destroy it ; this was the case with the Glebe House , Inchigeela ; IRA Intelligence had again warned us that it was about to be taken over by a Company of the regular British Army . On the evening of 2 June 1920 , we burned it down ; among the local IRA Volunteers who assisted at the operation was the son of the owner of the house ! Before the burning a few Volunteer Officers had started to break the news to the owner , by telling him of the impending occupation . He saved them further trouble by interjecting : " Burn it , lads ! Burn it ! "

Three days later , Ballingeary Barracks , just evacuated by a garrison of the RIC and Black and Tans , was destroyed by fire . The two IRA Volunteers who carried out the task did it to perfection , but, despite their extreme care , they got themselves slightly scorched . The physical damage they sustained was negligible , but they had to bear with fortitude the jokes of their IRA comrades ; for , having sprinkled the interior of the building , they retired the width of the street from it , and then hurled a lighted torch through the open door of the barracks but - a tongue of flame shot back at them ! It was bad luck indeed .

But no such 'bad luck' was experienced four days later at 'The Great House' in Ballyvourney ......."

(MORE LATER).


THE CIA : REAGAN'S SECRET ARMY .......

Since 1947 , the CIA has been a powerful force in covertly executing American internal and foreign policy . A major book detailing the workings , methods and sometimes incompetence of the secret service - 'The Agency ; The Rise and Decline of The CIA ' , by John Ranelagh , has recently been published .

Gene Kerrigan examines the books findings and assesses the importance of 'The Agency' and the role it has played over the last 39 years .


First published in 'The Sunday Tribune' newspaper , Dublin , 24th August 1986 , page 11.

Re-produced here in 21 parts .

(8 of 21).

The CIA had done a good job ; from now on if governments were to be subverted it would be the biggest kid on the block who would do it . In the early 1960's , the CIA supplied the money , the guns and advice for a coup against President Goulart of Brazi , who was considered too leftist . A CIA agent , Howard McCabe , masterminded a two-year campaign of subversion against the left-wing Prime Minister of Guyana , Cheddi Jagan , bringing him down .

The masterminding of coups against foreign governments was almost part of the CIA's 'stock-in-trade' ; in 1951 the British wanted to get rid of Muhammad Mossadeq , the Iranian leader who had nationalised their oil company . Fearful of a confromtation which would hurt oil supplies , the Americans told the British to stand aside : the CIA launched 'Operation Ajax' .......

(MORE LATER).