.......in June 1920 ,a provincial newspaper , ' The Westmeath Independent ' , published a pro-Irish freedom Editorial ; Dublin Castle 'spin-doctor' Basil Clarke did not like the point made by that Editorial and sent the Black and Tans in to convey that message .......
The owners wife , a Mrs Chapman , and the house-maid , were living next to the printing works ( in Garden Vale House ) when , at one A M on a Sunday morning , the two women noticed flames coming from the works ; some of the employees lived in nearby Mardyke Street , and Mrs Chapman ran there for help but , due to the British-imposed street curfew (ie anyone on the street during certain hours was shot at) she got no offers of help .
She ran back to the works and herself and the maid worked through the night trying to put the fire out . Both women reported seeing about a dozen Black and Tans at the building when they first noticed the fire . As dawn broke on that Sunday morning , and the curfew was lifted , the 'Westmeath Independent' Works Manager , a Mr. James Martin and a warehouse worker , a Mr O' Brien , rushed to the plant and worked with the two women in salvaging what they could from the ruined building .
Other newspapers also received a knock on the door from Basil Clarke and his 'censorship board' ....... (MORE LATER).
WHERE MOUNTAINY MEN HAVE SOWN :
war and peace in rebel Cork ,
in the turbulent years 1916-21.
By Micheal O'Suilleabhain : published 1965.
A QUIET PERIOD.......
".......I remember one IRA Volunteer in particular ; a small man , past middle-age , who had worked all his hard life on a farm , every day . Now he also worked at night for his country ......."
" His name was Neilus O' Connell , but he was known to us by his nom de guerre , ' Louth '. During his long service for Ireland , he saw many a day breaking . It was his greatest pleasure . May he enjoy the brightness of an eternal dawn .
In the autumn of 1917 , the time had come for me to leave home and go to a secondary school . I viewed the prospect with dismay , as Volunteer re-organisation was in full swing . One of my sisters , a secondary teacher , stepped into the breach and saved me . She taught a younger sister and myself and prepared us for the 'Junior Grade' examination .
We had a most enjoyable school year , and I had plenty of time for Volunteer work . But good times come to an end and June 1918 came quickly . We passed our examination and were free from study for the summer months . The attack on the RIC at Beal a' Ghleanna early in July 1918 and a little subsequent martial law activity brought on the autumn again .
The 'Conscription Bill' , passed on 16th April 1918 , had caused a scare amongst people opposed to , or not interested in , the cause of Irish independence . It had caused a good deal of amusement amongst the rank and file of the Volunteers , and had provided extra work for their Officers who had to deal with a large influx of recruits while the scare lasted......."
(From an article by Richard Douthwaite , published in 'ALPHA' magazine , 30th March 1989 , page 10).
(2 of 3).
Even R. S. Pathak's (the Indian Government's Chief Justice) immediate predecessor as Chief Justice was appalled - " The court order places a ridiculously low price on Indian life ," wrote P. N. Bhagwati , " the order is breathless in its sweep . It defies comprehension how criminal proceedings against Union Carbide can be quashed without even examining if there is a prima facie case " .
Not unexpectedly , government officials argued that , although 592,000 people out of Bhopal's population of 680,000 have claimed compensation , most of the claims are bogus ! They estimate that 3,410 people have died (deaths still occur every day) , 25,000 people will be seriously ill for the rest of their lives , mostly as a result of damaged lungs , and that 80,000 people are less badly affected .
If the $470 Million dollars is divided up among the " 100,000 real victims ", they say , the average figure of £4,700 dollars should be enough to give the bereaved £13,000 dollars each , with smaller sums to look after the permanently ill and the partially incapacitated ........ (Part three of three tomorrow ...)